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Economic Growth, Energy Consumption and Environmental Implications: Evidence from Data in MENA Region

Show simple item record Abdalrahman, Samah Mohammed Abdallah 2019-04-24T09:42:06Z 2019-04-24T09:42:06Z 2017
dc.identifier.citation A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Economics en_US
dc.description.abstract This Study investigated (i) the causality relationship between economic growth and energy consumption and (ii) discussed the validity of EKC. The researched used data for 18 country from MENA region (Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen), using data for different periods for each country varying between 1971 and 2011. Data of energy consumption, real GDP per capita and CO2 emissions - as a proxy for environment degradationwas collected from the online database of World Bank. The researcher examined the linkage between these variables both across the region level and the country level. For this regard, and to avoid different characteristics among these 18 countries; countries with similar characteristics were compiled in different Panels, using the World Bank classification based on income level. High Income, Upper Middle Income, Lower Middle Income and GCC panels were constructed besides the Panel of the 18 country. Unit Root Tests were applied to examine the stability of data both for time series and panels; where all data was stationary. Then two different co-integration tests were applied as Pedroni test for Panel data while Johannsen Test for time series data. It was found that only 3 Panels are co-integrated (High Income, Upper Middle Income and GCC), at the country level only four countries have non co-integrated data (Libya, Qatar, Morocco and Oman). Therefore, the causality tests were applied only on co-integrated data as Panel Causality Test for Panel data and Granger Causality Test using the VECM for the time series data. Results were similar and showed no causality directions for the panel data. But for the time series, results were different as the direction goes from GDP to energy for Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Syria. Only one country showed bidirectional causality between GDP and energy consumption (Algeria). Many of these countries confirmed that no causality occurs between economic growth and energy consumption (United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Iran, Tunis, Egypt, Yemen, Lebanon and Israel). Only Kuwait confirmed the growth hypotheses; as energy cause economic growth. Regarding the validity of EKC, results confirmed that this concept is just a theoretical one, empirically results showed a poor evidence of the existence of EKC. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Al Azhar University-Gaza en_US
dc.subject Economic Growth en_US
dc.subject GDP en_US
dc.subject Energy en_US
dc.title Economic Growth, Energy Consumption and Environmental Implications: Evidence from Data in MENA Region en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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